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**What is a Fraction**

A fraction is a part of a whole. Lets a say we cut a whole apple in to 2 pieces.

We will get two halves (1/2) . Now if we cut it again, we will have 4 pieces or four quarters (1/4).

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**Numerator: **

### The number above the fraction bar is called the numerator.

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**Denominator:**

### The number below the fraction bar is called the denominator.

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**Example of fractions:**

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__Compare Fractions:__

__Compare Fractions:__

Now lets compare fractions. If we want to compare fractions, we need to draw pictures.

For example, we can take 1/2 and 3/4.

Which is a bigger piece? We can see that 3/4 is bigger than 1/2. It is bigger because we have 1 more piece.

__Pattern Block Fractions:__Please check these shapes below,

1 Hexagon has 2 Trapezoids or 3 rhombuses or 6 triangles.

1 Trapezoid has 1 rhombus and 1triangle or 3 triangles.

1 rhombus has 2 triangles.

Lets write these in fractions:

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**Types of Fractions:**

There are 3 types of fractions.

- Proper Fractions
- Improper Fractions
- Mixed Fractions

**Proper Fractions:**

When a numerator is smaller than the denominator, it is called a proper fraction.

**Improper Fractions:**

When numerator is bigger than the denominator, it is called an improper fraction.

**Mixed Fractions:**

Mixed fractions have a whole number and a fraction.

**Check this video to find the fractions on the number line**